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A '''shomer''' (, pl. שומרים, '''shomrim''') in Halacha is a Jewish legal guardian, entrusted with the custody and care of another's object. The laws of shomrim are derived from the Torah in Book of Exodus|Shemot (Exodus) s:Tanakh/Torah/Shemot#Shemot 22|22:6-14. It is discussed in the Talmud in Nezikin|Seder Nezikin in tractates Bava Kamma and Bava Metzia. There are four types of shomrim: shomer ḥinnam, shomer sakhar, shoel, and sokher,Mishnah, Bava Metzia 93a corresponding to an unpaid custodian, a paid custodian, a borrower, and a renter respectively. Each shomer has specific distinct laws that apply to it. In halacha there are two major factors that determine a guardian's liability: the ability to use the item, and the exchange of money. In general the ability to use the item (in the case of a renter and a borrower) or being paid to watch the item (in the...
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